Illustration 1 : scenario résiliance.

Illustration 2 : scenario re-industrialiser. 


Un scénario complexe.

The 100% recycling project is part of a wider research called Recycling Italy which focuses on recycling the elements of the great territory. With the goal of 100% recycling, two other themes guide research, inclusion and gray energy. The method used for this study is the construction of scenarios.


The city is built of space, volumes, media, time, flow, people and interactions. These elements are dynamic, and each of them has its own life cycle. Together they create a complex system that makes up a specific and unique environment. Thus, far beyond an amalgam of physical elements, the city is both a symptom and a syndrome of a society. The city is a system of systems.


As an urbanist, we need to think about the city of tomorrow from these complex situations. Foresight (Gaston Berger 1967) applied today to territories is an important methodology in contemporary design processes. Why does it seem interesting today to build scenarios? First of all, it's a way of constructing a mental representation of the complexity that echoes us as a man, because it's about telling stories. It is also a way to propose alternatives rather than solutions and to highlight the plurality of possibilities. The speed of change in our Western societies that have been built to be very inflexible, and the growing uncertainty, are forcing professionals to look for new ways to effect change.


Time is a structuring element of the urban, scars and warning signs make up our environments. History is often represented in a linear fashion, yet it is embedded in a multi-dimensional geometry composed of cycles, erratic events and adjustments.


As for the social utility of the scenarios today, it is all the more complex because it takes root in many paradoxes. Take for example mobility. Despite decades of promotion and huge investments in mobility, human remains a very little mobile object, it is deeply rooted in local considerations such as culture or climate and relies heavily on its relationships to others who fix it often in a small space. So we created this super mobility that now serves mainly other interests than those of men.


We live in a globalized society, it's a fact. Borders are very unstable fortresses that it seems illusory to continue to defend. The global economic crisis of 2011 has shown that we have already built the fabric of our interdependence. Western countries, if they continue to ignore that their spells also depend on what is happening in other more unstable world regions tend, in fact, towards more and more instability inside their own borders.


So, in this context, how to define the objects of the territory, the landscape and the city? As we said before, these objects are systems of systems, so deeply unstable that it is difficult to study them with stable theories.


Deuleuze tells us of an object Objectile where the object is not understood as the traditional relation between its matter and its form. The objectile object does not have the spatial structure of a mold. On the contrary, the object object is a temporal modulation of an object. This concept Deuleuze has established itself from the research of the architect Bernard Cache and the philosophy of Simondon. These are the objects we are interested in, and we must think about the possible reconfiguration of the objects we produce.

Illustration 3 : scenario opérationel créer un espace tampon.

Crédit image : Lucile Ado, Mengdi Guo, Claudiu Forgaci, Johanna Jacobs.

Illustration 4 : scenario opérationel dissoudre. Crédit image : Lucile Ado, Mengdi Guo, Claudiu Forgaci, Johanna Jacobs.

Illustration 4 : combinaison de deux scénarios créer un espace tampon et dissoudre pour intégrer, interactiver et produire des structures guides.

Crédit image : Lucile Ado, Mengdi Guo, Claudiu Forgaci, Johanna Jacobs.