Vision of the new landscape. image credit : Lucile Ado, Anastasia Angelidou, Marine Declève, Aurora Dias Lokita, Hao Feng, Le Nam Hoang, Fitri Maharani Indra, Sariful Islam, Margarita Macera, Michail Mina, Eliana Muñoz, Duc Long Nguyen, Nhat Linh Nguyen, Au Vu Hai Phan, Vidya Spay, Javier Dario Tamayo, Yufei Zang.
RECYCLING THE MINING BELT
This work is part of an issue related to the great landscape. The gold mining activity that was the economic engine of South Africa in the last century is now on the decline. Nevertheless, the mining companies keep their hands on their land, waiting for technological advances that would allow drilling even more deeply.
Mining activity leave a landscape deeply transformed and very polluted. The waste is stored in huge open air dumps. The rainwater dripping on these mounds of waste becomes acidic (ph 3 - 4).
The study site is located west of Johannesburg in the city of Krugerdorp. North of the city are the richest residential neighborhoods. To the south, Kagiso is one of the largest townships in the region. Between the two parts are the mines where slums have appeared.
After the Mines : Is the mining belt a place to live? Credits photographique : Jason Larkin.
After the mines: is the mining belt a place to live ? These photographs address this question.
Espaces accessibles et tissu urbain. Comment catalyser le processus post apartheid de mixité?
Like Johannesburg itself, the city of Krugersdorp is divided by the mines that follow the line of ridges. To the north, the wealthy neighborhoods on the hills that adjoin the city center. To the south, the township of Kagiso and the huge industrial plaque Chambord.
The social mix and accessibility of public spaces is a historical problem. Each neighborhood functions as a microcosm. Switching from one to the other is often impossible.
mining activity effect on topography
analysis of the activities
industriel activity and topography
Surprisingly, in this region cities have not experienced the phenomenon of expansion - recession of other mining areas. In fact, an economic transition based on manufacturing production and services has stabilized the country's economy since the 1950s, but unemployment remains extremely high, with 40% of the population inactive or working on the black market. The industrial plate of Chamdor is interesting for this purpose. It was built north of the township during apartheid to contain its development towards the northern neighborhoods. At that time racial discrimination was very strong, but today it is one of the territorial elements where we observe the most mixed. The study of the type of activity by sector above shows that construction, services and food are highly represented.
The project is therefore moving towards two trends: redrawing certain strategic axes and north-south movements. (long drawing opposite: interface between the industrial plate and the township) On the other hand, the transformation of the large landscape to reintroduce wild life of certain animal species and the establishment of different types of agriculture.
international seminar: world urbanism credit image : Wim Wambecq.
urban/indistrial interface. crédit image : Lucile Ado, Le Nam Hoang, Fitri Maharani Indra, Au Vu Hai Phan, Javier Dario Tamayo.