landuse map, in white water, in black industrial activities. 

VENICE PORT 2050 

Master's thesis in urbanism, this work is both a prospective study and a set of strategic projects, which try to answer to one question : What if the biggest tourist and commercial ships are no longer allowed to enter in the lagoon?  What could happen if this claim of the local population really happen?

 

Today, the interests of Venice port authority as well as those of the municipality are going towards the development of major infrastructures for tourism. This policy is clearly in conflict with the interests of both local population and the lagoon ecosystem which is very sensitive milieu.

 

The thesis is divided into three parts :

- First one illustrates the economic, cultural and political situation in which this conflict is taking place.

 

- The second part studies a specific area located on the hinterland : the border between Porto Marghera (Venice commercial port) and Marghera (a Venetian residential district on the mainland). Here, urban and port functions are already part of a process of spontaneous recycling.

 

- The last part is about this scenario "No gradi navi" to picture what could be a re-organization of the lagoon without big boat traffic inside. 

GREAT DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

Venice territory can be read as the ultimate archipelago. Indeed this municipality includes the entire lagoon, many rural area, one of the biggest port of Italy and several districts on the mainland including : Mestre, Marghera and Porto Marghera.

 

Something very specific in this territory is the spacial segmentation per function. Another important aspect to mention is that the whole Veneto region as always been strongly linked Venice city in its spatial organisation even in the recent context of citta diffusa. This fact allows us to say that Venice is at the "center" of the region. 

However today it is one of the richest region in Italy. The very characteristic spread urbanization forms a dense and complex system.

 

Population flow is here very important to understand how this territory is shaped. First human flow : 

- Tourism,  the historical center is one of the most visited place in the world, same amount of tourist per year as Paris but on 1/4 of its surface.

- Inhabitants, Venetians don't live anymore in the center, there are spread in the whole region. 

 - Students and workers often commutes each day between working/university and living place. Again, the average travel time per day is similar that in a big metropolis as Paris : 1:30 hour/day.

 

economic and people's flows 

The Mediterranean, its main ports and maritime routes

SILENT TRANSFORMATIONS

The attentive field work reveals that many ongoing processes of urban transformation occurs. The contact between the port and the city is riche of third places with an intense urban activity.  

fences

urban

industrial 

commercial

existing centralities

Squats.

dismissed building

public parcs

friches

on site cartography of activities and urban condition. 

micro stories : Rivolta social center, Emmer parc, banchina Molini artist residence, Pila 40 the informal co working

SCENARIO : NO GRANDI NAVI

reshaping the lagoon the space and time

map of the new neighborhood 

PROJECT 1 : the old port neighborhood 

leisure port

port house (existantinig)

building to transform in dwellings 

Warehouse in good condition

old train tracks to transform in cycle path

Parc

small equipments

Plan du port touristique du Lido.

PROJECT 2 : A TOURISTIC PORT IN LIDO

The port's project takes place on the dikes of the MOSE. It is possible to build up to 10 passenger terminals with this embankment already built there to close the lagoon. This new tourist port can accommodate larger boats than the current port in Venice.

 

The construction of this tourist port outside the lagoon could allows the development of this activity while reducing the impact of port infrastructures on the lagoon ecosystems.

section on the new terminals

Mobility in the lagoon

Today, Venice is facing traffic issues also at the level of the private and public transportation. Public transport system is carried out mainly by vaporetto in the lagoon and by bus for the connections between Venice city center and its districts around. Today, this system is saturated. 

 

The problem of the impact of boat traffic on the city also concerns smaller boats. The construction of the new tourist port at Lido could open the debate on mobility at the scale of the lagoon mostly between main transportation gate, the port and the airport and the city center.

 

Just like the Liberty Bridge, we could imagine a second rail-type tramway or VAL could be built to connect the new Lido port, the airport and the historic center.

Coupes du système de sur rails.

PROJECT 3 : 100% GREEN ENERGY PRODUCTION OUT OF LAND RECLAIMING.

 Coupe système de traitement du sol par biopile.  

Short Sea Shipping has a promising future in the Mediterranean bassin. It is a cost-efficient, safer and more sustainable alternative to the goods transit by trucks. Venice port authority has just completed the construction of 4 SSS terminals in Fusina, at the south of the port. This place has a strong relationship with the lagoon because of a very specific milieu present there, the barene. It is also bordered by the Brenta river and agricultural land. There is also a coal power plant (the largest in the area) and an hydrogen power plant, built but never used. A very large area dedicated to water treatment is  built in the south, it is also inactive. Then there is the urban waste recycling center, run by Veritas. Finally, the ENALG experience of bio-fuel production from algae is further south. All these infrastructures could be used for the depollution as well as the production of renewable energies.

Fusina SSS and land reclaiming project

energy production plant today 

Objectif 100 %green énergy energy production plant tomorrow